Kyoto – Nijōjō (Nijo Castle)

Nijōjō is a UNESCO world heritage site built in 1603 for the first shogun of the Edo Period. Buy tickets (¥600) at the busy booths on Horikawa Street, then walk across the bridge over the outer moat and enter through the massive Higashi-ote-mon gate. English audio guides can be rented for ¥500 from a kiosk inside the gate. Open from 8:45-17:00, last entry 16:00; closed Tuesday.

There are three areas in the castle grounds:

  • Fortifications of moats and massive stone walls surround beautiful gardens that encircle Ninomaru and Honmaru palaces.
  • Ninomaru (second circle of defence): enter through the Karamon Gate. The palace is a series of six buildings, with tatami flooring, and ceilings and interior walls and fusuma (sliding doors) decorated with gold leaf, connected by wooden corridors with uguisubari (nightingale floor) that squeak when walked on and sound like birds calling.
  • Honmaru (main circle defence): a second complex and five-story castle keep destroyed by fire in the 18th Century, which was never rebuilt.

We visited Nijo Castle after our day trip to Kobe, where we saw the Takenaka Carpentry Tools Museum, which had a lot of information and displays about building in wood, and also had a temporary display about ceramic roof tiles. With that background, seeing the architecture and fabric of the castle had a lot more meaning for us.

Almost as soon as we passed through the beautiful Karamon gate, a group of school children approached Brad and asked him to take part in a survey, as part of an English class exercise. They laughed and nodded when we said our favourite food in Japan was shabu-shabu (they clearly agreed and approved). In return for completing the survey they gave Brad a packet of origami pieces they had folded. I took a photo of the children and sent it to the school.

Unfortunately, but understandably, no photography is allowed in Ninomaru palace because it is an extremely popular site for Japanese and overseas tourists, and the queue shuffled through the palace slowly. Despite the constant stream of tourists, the building had a surprisingly peaceful and majestic atmosphere. The floor boards were worn until the grain of the wood resembled water ripples.

Nijo Castle Outer Wall & Moat

Nijo Castle outer moat and wall

Karamon Gate

Cypress bark thatched Karamon gate with intricately carved motifs, highlighted with gold leaf

Ninomaru Palace

Ninomaru Palace

Elaborate Carving

Elaborate carving above the entrance into Ninomaru Palace

Nijo Castle Garden

Ninomaru Garden

Tile Details

Tile details


Gate to Honmaru

Stone Lantern

Stone lantern

Stone Walls

Stone walls

Decorative Copper RainheadThere were food stalls in the castle grounds, but we wanted to get away from the crowds, so we wandered across the road and discovered the eccentric Hello Goodbye Cafe with its solar powered figurines dancing to music in front of the building. Solar figurines – Kuwaii! dancing to Vanessa Williams Won’t come running back to you (1991)   We ordered hamburger sets, with coffee, which was really good and the service was friendly and fast. Our portable Wifi ran out of charge, so we caught the train back to hotel to recharge.

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